A neuroma is a benign growth of nerve tissue that can occur in various parts of the body, but when it occurs in the foot it is commonly referred to as a Morton’s neuroma. It is a condition that affects the nerves that run between the toes, most commonly between the third and fourth toes.
The exact cause of Morton’s neuroma is not fully understood, but it is thought to be caused by the nerve being compressed or pinched. Factors that can contribute to the development of Morton’s neuroma include:
- Wearing tight or high-heeled shoes
- Having high arches or flat feet
- Having a foot injury
- Participating in sports that involve repetitive stress on the foot, such as running or dancing
Symptoms of Morton’s neuroma include pain and numbness in the affected area, burning sensation, tingling, or a feeling of a lump or “something” between the toes, and pain that worsens when walking.
Treatment for Morton’s neuroma usually starts with conservative measures such as rest, ice, and physical therapy. Stretching exercises, orthotics, and shoe inserts can also be helpful. In some cases, a corticosteroid injection may be used to reduce inflammation. In more severe cases, surgery may be required to remove the affected nerve. It’s important to see a medical professional for a proper diagnosis and treatment plan.