Diabetes can cause a variety of complications in the feet, including:
- Neuropathy: Diabetes can damage the nerves in the feet, leading to a loss of sensation and decreased blood flow. This can make it difficult to feel injuries or blisters, and increases the risk of foot ulcers and amputations.
- Peripheral artery disease: Diabetes can also damage the blood vessels in the feet, leading to poor circulation and a decreased ability to heal injuries or infections.
- Calluses and dry skin: High blood sugar levels can cause the skin on the feet to become dry and thickened, increasing the risk of calluses and other foot injuries.
- Fungal infections: Diabetes can also make the feet more susceptible to fungal infections such as athlete’s foot.
- Charcot foot: This is a serious complication that can occur in people with diabetic neuropathy. It occurs when the bones in the foot become weakened and can cause the foot to change shape and become deformed.
It’s important for people with diabetes to take good care of their feet to prevent complications. This includes:
- Monitoring blood sugar levels: Keeping blood sugar levels within a healthy range can help to prevent complications.
- Checking feet daily: Checking the feet daily for any signs of injuries, blisters, or other problems.
- Wearing appropriate shoes: Wearing shoes that fit well and provide good support can help to prevent injuries.
- Maintaining good hygiene: Keeping the feet clean and dry can help to prevent fungal infections.
- Regular foot exams: People with diabetes should have their feet examined by a doctor or podiatrist at least once a year to check for any complications.
- Keeping blood pressure and cholesterol under control: Maintaining healthy levels of blood pressure and cholesterol can help to prevent peripheral artery disease.
It’s important for people with diabetes to be proactive about preventing foot complications, early diagnosis and treatment can prevent serious complications