What are Bunions?
A bunion is a bony hump which has formed where the big toe connects to the rest of the foot. Often, this causes the toe to point inward toward the other toes. Bunions can be quite painful and are also susceptible to rubbing and pressure caused by wearing certain types of shoes. Calluses can develop because of the bunion. The skin over the bunion might be red and sore.
What Causes a Bunion to Develop?
There are many theories about how bunions develop, but the exact cause is unknown. Factors likely include:
- Inherited foot type
- Foot stress or injuries
- Deformities present at birth
What Treatments Are Used?
We begin by taking x-rays and examining the foot. This helps to see how severe the bunion is. A blood sample may be collected to see if the person has arthritis as well. Treatments usually include:
- Inserts and specific shoes to help the foot move back into its normal position, if the condition is mild.
- Medications such as pain relievers and anti-inflammatories can address the discomfort and swelling.
- When every day activities and responsibilities are affected by the condition, surgery is typically required.
- The doctor will realign the bone under the big toe by making incisions in the ligaments surrounding it. Screws are occasionally employed to hold the toe in place while healing. Additionally, excess bone can be removed. Depending on the severity of the bunion, the procedure usually takes about an hour.
Call us at 727-842-9504 to make an appointment. Dr. Zafar will sit down with you and discuss options to proceed with.